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Dauren Aben

The need for continued international (especially Russian-U.S.) cooperation on WMD nonproliferation and nuclear security in Central Asia is obvious, based on a whole number of factors. The main problem that has yet to be resolved is the Soviet heritage related to WMD development programs. There are also new challenges and threats, the most dangerous ones being illegal circulation of WMD materials, technologies, equipment, and delivery systems, as well as the threat of WMD terrorism. There are also plans by several countries in the region to develop a nuclear industry and a nuclear energy sector. Yet another argument in favor of continued cooperation in the framework of the Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction is the recent decision to expand the geographic scope of the program by accepting Kazakhstan as the 24th member and a recipient country. It is important to take into account that Kazakhstan is the world's largest producer of uranium, and plans to host an international bank of low-enriched nuclear fuel on its territory.


PIR Center, 2013