Heather A. Conley, Vladimir Orlov, Gen. Evgeny Buzhinsky, Cyrus Newlin, Sergey Semenov and Roksana Gabidullina
The Future of U.S.-Russian Arms Control: Principles of Engagement and New Approaches image

As one of its first security policy decisions, the Biden administration agreed to extend the New START Treaty for five years with no conditions.  The New START Treaty represents one of the last remaining vestiges of international arms control architecture and one of the few areas of potentially prod...

Natalia Romashkina, Dmitry Stefanovich, Alexey Markov

The monograph is devoted to topical issues of international security and strategic stability in the context of accelerated development of information and communication technologies. It justifies the importance of ensuring international information security. The monograph examines the possibility of ...

The Valdai Discussion Club

February 9, 2021.


Autonomous weapons are moving from engineering concept to army arsenals all around the world, and reports on their combat use are becoming more frequent. The first surprise about drones is that non-government military groups were the first to use them i...

Surviving in a Deregulated Strategic World image

Russian-American strategic relations are entering uncharted waters with the demise of the arms control regime; rapid technological revolution; the rise of nuclear multipolarity; the asymmetry of the two countries’ positions amid their growing confrontation and an increasing likelihood of military con...

Now when the U.S. presidential elections are over the fate of the START Treaty and nuclear arms control, in general, has become clearer.

The New START treaty is set to expire on February 5, 2021, and only a few months ago there was little doubt that it would be the end of it. The Trump administratio...

All articles


Daniel Zappelli image
Affiliation : Attorney General of the Republic and Canton of Geneva
Biography :

A Swiss national, Zappelli was born in 1964. In 1982–1986, he studied law in the Fribourg University in Switzerland and then a year later also graduated the Faculty of European Law in the Exeter University in the U.K. From then on he worked as lawyer at Hauchmann & Monfrini law office in Geneva until 1996. Later on he moved to civil service and till 1999 carried on as Assistant to the Attorney General in Geneva. In 2000, he became a judge at the tribunal of first instance and the President of the Commercial Chamber. And two years later he was appointed at his current post of Attorney General.

Danilov, Dmitry A. image
Affiliation : Head, Department for European Security, Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Biography :

Ph.D. in Economics, Professor. Graduated from Moscow State University in 1982. Prior to 1988 - Senior Researcher at the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. He is a member of PIR Center Advisory Board. Author of over 150 publications. Fluent in French and English. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2011.

Dankov Artem image
City : Tomsk, Russia
Affiliation : Department of Global Politics, Tomsk State University
Daoust-Maleval, Isabelle image
Biography :

Was born on January 1, 1961. Education: Doctor of Chemistry of University of Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (1990). 1984: research activity, laboratory of organic biology and biotechnologies, the National school of chemistry, Paris.

Darbinyan Suren image
City : Yerevan, Armenia
Expertise :
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Biography :

- Participant in the 2007 Global Security Summer School Program

Dauletov, Serik A. image
City : Astana, Kazakhstan
Affiliation : Institute of Statehood, Security and Development, Nazrbayev Center, research fellow
City : Yerevan, Armenia
Affiliation : News Agency Arminfo.
Position : Journalist, political analyst
Biography :

Journalist, political analyst News Agency Arminfo. Bachelor's degree graduate (2007) and graduate (2009) of Yerevan State University. The participant of the International Assembly of journalists "Foreign Russian media in Crimea 2014", XI Festival Russian media "all Russia 2006", was an intern at RIA Novosti on the theme "the CSTO as a new and effective factor in ensuring security in the Eurasian region", laureate of rossotrudnichestvo 5 reasons why I love Russian culture. " Research interests: internal and foreign policy of Armenia. Fluent in Russian, Armenian and English languages.

de Klerk Piet image
City : Netherlands
Affiliation : Foreign Affairs Ministry of the Netherlans
Position : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Sherpa for the preparations of the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit
Biography :

Mr. Piet de Klerk is the Sherpa for the preparations of the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit which will be held in The Hague in March 2014.

From 2003-2007 Mr. de Klerk was Ambassador at Large for Human Rights at the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and after that (2007-2011) he was Deputy Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the United Nations in New York. Between August 2011 and August 2013 he was the Netherlands Ambassador in Jordan.

From 1998 to 2003  he was Director of the Office of External Relations and Policy Coordination of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna. 

In the earlier phases of his career he was Counselor at the Netherlands Embassy in Bonn, Head of the Arms Control Section at the Ministry and First Secretary/Counselor at the Permanent Mission to the United Nations and the IAEA, in Vienna. From 1992-1998 he was a member of SAGSI, the IAEA Standing Advisory Group on Safeguards Implementation. During the year 2011-2012 he was Chairman of the Nuclear Suppliers Group.

He has an MSc, Physics (1977, cum laude) and an MSc in Mathematics from the University of Amsterdam (1978).  He also studied philosophy there.

Degtyarev, Nikita S. image
City : Yekaterinburg
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Coordinator, Information & Publications Program, Yaderny Kontrol editor
Expertise :
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Tactical nuclear weapons in Europe
Nuclear disarmament
Biography :

Graduate of the Faculty of International Relations of the Ural Federal University. He has been working at the PIR Center since September 2019. He has held the positions of intern, consultant. He completed an internship at Representative Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia in Yekaterinburg in the summer of 2018. A participant in the Writing and Science school for young nonproliferation experts (organized by Ural Federal University with the support of the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority) and the PIR Center course at the Ural Federal University "The future of global security and nuclear nonproliferation". He is a grant specialist in Young Middle East Researchers Association (Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg). His research interests include NATO nuclear sharing arrangements, nuclear nonproliferation regime, nuclear weapon ban campaign. 07/20

Demidov, Vadim V. image
City : Minsk, Belarus
Affiliation : Belarusian State University, International Relations Department, student
Denisov Andrey image
Affiliation : First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Biography :

Born in 1952, Amb. Denisov graduated the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) in 1974. In 1973–1981 he worked in the Soviet economic and trade mission in China. In 1981–1991 he joined the International Department of the CPSU’s Central Committee, as an expert on China. In 1992–1997 he was a Counselor and then Senior Counselor at the Russian embassy in Beijing. In 1997 he was appointed Director of the Department of Economic Cooperation of the Russian MFA. He worked until 2000 when he was appointed to head the RF embassy in Egypt. In 2001–2004 Amb. Denisov was Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation. In 2004–2006 he served as Permanent Representative to the UN. Since 2006 Amb. Denisov is the First Deputy Foreign Minister.

Denisov, Igor E. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Institute of International Studies of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations
Position : Senior Research Fellow at the Center for East Asian and SCO
Biography :

A graduate of the socio-economic faculty of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University. In 2001-2002. An intern at the School of Communication, Ming Chuan University (Taipei, Taiwan). The expert of the Russian Council on Foreign Affairs. Research interests: foreign policy of China, the socio-political problems in China, Sino-Russian relations, security issues in the Asia-Pacific region.

Deriglazova Larisa image
City : Tomsk, Russia
Affiliation : Profesor at the World Politics Faculty, Tomsk State University
Biography :

Professor of the political sciences. Graduated from the history faculty at the Tomsk State University (TSU) in 1985. In years 1991-93 - PhD candidate. From 2006 to 2009 - Lecturer at the TSU. 2003-2010 -   deputy head of the world politics faculty at the TSU. 1998 - 2002 - deputy head of the Russian Program on Syberia and Far East. Participant of the Civil Education project held by the Yale University. 1996-2002 - lecturer at the TSU, world politics faculty. 1994-1996 - methodological employee of the history faculty at the TSU.

Position : Member of ISOC Board of Trustees
Expertise :
International aspects of Internet development
Global Internet governance
Devyatnikov Andrey image
City : Tyumen, Russia
Affiliation : Postgraduate Student and Lecturer at the Chair of Modern History and International Relations by the Institute of History and Political Sciences, Tyumen State University
Biography :

participant of PIR Center Summer School 2008

Dewes, Kate image
Biography :

Kate Dewes has coordinated the South Island Regional Office of the Aotearoa /New Zealand Peace Foundation from her home in Christchurch for 20 years. She taught Peace Studies from 1986-1997 at the University of Canterbury.

Dhanapala, Jayantha image
City : Sri Lanka
Affiliation : Member, Supervisory Council, International Luxembourg Forum
Biography :

Before 2007 he was a former United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs and a former Ambassador of Sri Lanka to the USA and to the UN Office in Geneva. He is a member of the Governing Board of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). As a Sri Lankan diplomat Dhanapala served in London, Beijing, Washington D.C., New Delhi, and Geneva and he has represented Sri Lanka at a number of international conferences chairing several of them including the historic NPT Review and Extension Conference of 1995. Dhanapala is also a former Director of the UN Institute for Disarmament Research. Jayantha Dhanapala is a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and a governing board member of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Dr. Dhanapala was Sri Lanka's official candidate for the post of Secretary-General of the United Nations, before withdrawing from the race on 29 September 2006. From 2007 - President of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004.

Diakov Anatoly image
Biography :

Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Member of PIR Center Advisory Board. Anatoly Diakov specializes in quantum radiophysics, physics of lasers, nonequilibrium physics. He has over 40 scientific publications.

Diamond Julia Lovisa image
City : Monterey, USA
Affiliation : Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey
Position : Master's student
Biography :

Master's student in Non-proliferation and Terrorism Studies program, with minor in Russian studies at Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey. She graduated from Boston University with bachelor’s degree in International Relations (2014). Interned at PIR Center. Research interests: international relations, history; Russian studies; EU-Russia relations in the context of international security; nonproliferation, disarmament and nuclear security; the study of terrorism; the US-Russia relations; Russian foreign policy; international cooperation in the Arctic; approaches to the problem of North Korea's nuclear program; evolution of the IAEA safeguards system. Languages: Spanish and Russian.

Graduate of Summer school 2016

Diamond Julia Lovisa image
City : Monterrey, USA
Affiliation : Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey
Position : Master student in Non-proliferation and Terrorism Studies
Biography :

Master student in Non-proliferation and Terrorism Studies program, with minor in Russian studies at Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey. She graduated from Boston University with bachelor’s degree in International Relations (2014). Interned at PIR Center. Research interests: international relations, history; Russian studies; EU-Russia relations in the context of international security; nonproliferation, disarmament and nuclear security; the study of terrorism; the US-Russia relations; Russian foreign policy; international cooperation in the Arctic; approaches to the problem of North Korea's nuclear program; evolution of the IAEA safeguards system.

Languages: Spanish and Russian.

Diaz-Balart, Fidel image
Biography :

Chairman of the Cuban Atomic Energy Commission from 1980 to 1992. Educated in Russia and holds a Ph.D. in physics and mathematical sciences from the Kurchatov Atomic Energy Institute. In 1984-1993 was head of the department of physical sciences at the Cuban Academy of Sciences.

Djabbarova Shahnoza image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center Intern
Biography :

Graduated from the University of World Economy and Diplomacy, International Relations Department (Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 2009). Currently MA student of Politics and Security (Central Asia) program of the OSCE Academy in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Participant of international seminars and conferences on security in Central Asia, and DAAD International Summer School “Regionalism and Security” organized by the University of Magdeburg in cooperation with the OSCE Academy in Bishkek and the International University of Central Asia in Tokmok, Kyrgyzstan (18 – 31 July 2010), will take part in DAAD International Summer School “Socio-economic Aspects of Conflict Resolution” in Dushanbe, Tajikistan (20-26 august, 2012). Research interests: European Union and Russian policy in Central Asia, regional security and regionalism in Central Asia.

Djusupov Bakyt image
City : Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic
Affiliation : Assistant, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Postgraduate (Ph.D.) Student, Diplomatic Academy of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kyrgyz Republic (2008)
Biography :

participant of PIR Center Summer School 2008

Doroshevich, Mikhail image
City : Minsk
Affiliation : Founder, Indeperndent Research Initiative; Consultant, ICT for Development – United Nations Development Programme (2004-2005)
Biography :

Mr. Doroshevich has been engaged in conducting research and independent expert initiatives in the field of internet technologies since 1995. In 1997 he founded and led the first Belorussian project in this area. From 1996 to 2004 he took part in establishment and launch of over a dozen of media internet projects in CIS states.

Since 2001 he has been heading the independent project e-Belarus.ORG. In 2008 in partnership with Gemius Mr. Doroshevich started to conduct regular monthly research of Belorussian internet audience. His expert and research interests cover such subjects as e-governance, information policies, new media and the knowledge economy.

In 2004-2005 he was a Consultant on the issues of ICT for Development within the framework of the United Nations Development Programme in the Republic of Belarus.

Downing, Ian image
Biography :

As such he leads on the UK Government’s interests in nuclear safety, waste and spent fuel management, and dealing with the other nuclear legacy issues in Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States.

Duarte Sergio image
City : Brasilia
Affiliation : Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs
Position : President
Biography :

A career diplomat, who from July 2007 to February 2012 served as United Nations High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, with the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. Ambassador Duarte served the Brazilian Foreign Service for forty eight years. He was the Ambassador of Brazil in a number of countries, including Austria, Croatia, Slovakia and Slovenia, China, Canada, Nicaragua, Switzerland, the United States, Argentina and Italy. In addition, he has been posted as the Brazilian representative to several International organizations, focusing on disarmament issues. From 1999 to 2000, he was the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the IAEA. Ambassador Duarte was a representative in international organizations on disarmament issues. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group since 2012.

Dudnik Nataliya image
City : Kiev, Ukraine
Affiliation : Specialist on International Cooperation, International Military Cooperation Section, Air Force of Armed Forces of Ukraine Command
Dunay Pal image
City : Bishkek
Affiliation : Director of OSCE Academy
Biography :

Previously - Director, International Training Course (ITC), Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Geneva, Switzerland. Between July 2004 and the beginning of 2007 he was Senior Researcher at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). Between July 1996 and 2004 he was Course Director of the International Training Course in Security Policy. In 1991 he was Head of the Security Policy Department of the Hungarian Ministry for Foreign Affairs. His first thesis addressed the verification of the CFE treaty. His second one addressed Hungary's neighbourhood policy after the system change. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group since 2010.

Dunn Lewis image
City : USA
Affiliation : Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters
Position : Member
Expertise :
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Nuclear disarmament
Arms control
Biography :

Dr. Lewis A. Dunn now is an Independent Consultant after nearly three decades as a senior project manager and analyst at Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). He is devoting his time to analysis and writing on issues of reducing global nuclear risks, arms control and nuclear disarmament, and nuclear non-proliferation. As a former U.S. Ambassador for the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference, he continues to be actively engaged in NPT issues. He participates in the continuing process of semi-official U.S.-China strategic nuclear dialogues, with a focus on possible initiatives to put in place a process of U.S.-China mutual strategic reassurance and restraint. He also is a consultant to the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI), providing support to the International Partnership for Nuclear Disarmament Verification.  He has recently been invited to become a member of the United Nations Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament. From 1987 until early 2017, Dr. Dunn was employed by SAIC, including over two decades as a senior manager. Dr. Dunn is a former Assistant Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and served as Ambassador to the 1985 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty Review Conference. Prior to joining the Reagan Administration in 1981, he was a Senior Analyst at the Hudson Institute. From 1969-1974, he taught Political Science at Kenyon College. He has a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.

Dupre, Bruno image
Biography :

As a legal advisor, he started his career in 1985 with the Ministry of Defense, negotiating international treaties on arms control and disarmament. After taking three years off for his Ph.D, he then joined in 1994 the French Embassy in Washington as economic advisor, dealing with the US defense and aerospace industry consolidation (Boeing/McDonnell Douglas, Lockkeed Martin, Northrop Grumman). In 1998, he moved to NATO headquarters (Brussels) as a political advisor to the Assistant Secretary General for Defense Support. He participated to the Partnership for Peace program with a special focus on Russia and Ukraine and to the NATO Kosovo Crisis Cell. Back to Paris in 2001, Doctor Dupré was appointed to the Strategic Affairs Department at the French Ministry of Defense where he is, today, the head of the Non Proliferation and Disarmament Bureau. He holds a Master of Public Administration from Harvard University.

DURAY Michel image
Affiliation : Head, Partnerships Section, Engagement Directorate, NATO Public Diplomacy Division
Durdyev Serdar image
Affiliation : Counsellor
Position : Embassy of Turkmenistan
Biography :

Club Member since 2013. Counsellor of the Embassy of Turkmenistan in Moscow

Dusheina Ksenia image
City : Tyumen, Russia
Biography :

participant of PIR Center Summer School 2009

Dvorkin, Vladimir Z. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Professor, Major General (retired), Chief Research Associate, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)
Biography :

Professor. Major General (Ret.), Doctor of Technical Sciences, a top military expert, General Dvorkin was one of the main authors of the Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces and Strategic Missile Forces policy documents. He participated as an expert in the preparation of the SALT II, INF, START I, and START II treaties for many years, and made a noticeable contribution to the formation of the Soviet and Russian position at the negotiations on the limitation and reduction of strategic weapons. He participated in the testing of the first Soviet nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines and the first submerged launches of ballistic missiles. He is an active member of the Russian Academy of Missile and Artillery Sciences, the Academy of Military Sciences, the Russian Engineering Academy, the International Engineering Academy, and the Academy of Cosmonautics. He is the author of more than 350 academic papers and numerous articles. His academic interests include missile dismantlement issues, combating terrorism, and nuclear safety and security. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2003.

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