Experts

  • Affiliation : Head, Governance and Democracy Research Program, Africa Institute of South Africa
  • Position : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Sri Lanka to the Russian Federation
  • Affiliation : Embassy of Sri Lanka to the Russian Federation
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International Security Index iSi decreased to 2740 points. Makgetlaneng, Jayatilleka comment events of the week

23.04.2013

MOSCOW, APRIL 23, 2013. PIR PRESS – “France’s deployment of its military forces in Mali is the process which is bound to legitimize increased external military intervention in Africa. It has served as an opportunity for other Western countries to intervene in the internal affairs of African countries. By deploying its military forces to Mali France served the interests of its Western strategic allies in their African policy”, - Head of the Governance and Democracy research programme at the Africa Institute of South Africa Sehlare Makgetlaneng.   

During the week of April 15-22, 2013, the International Security Index iSi decreased to 2740 points. In the USА two bombs exploded at the Boston Marathon finish line; 3 people were killed, more than 180 were injured. In a couple of days in the state of Texas at the chemical plant there were explosion; 14 people were killed. Terrorist attacks occurred in Pakistan, Iraq and Afghanistan. North Korea announced its readiness to start a dialogue with South Korea if all the sanctions would have been lifted and hostile actions against Pyongyang would have stopped. In Syria, clashes between the army and the rebels continued; Bashar al-Assad announced a general amnesty in the country. In Egypt, clashes between supporters and opponents of the association Muslim Brotherhood erupted. Iran conducted a successful test of a ballistic missile in the Persian Gulf. In Venezuela, after the announcement of the presidential elections, clashes occurred between police and supporters of the defeated during elections opposition; there were victims. Serbia and Kosovo agreed on the principles of normalization of relations. In Greece, Germany, Israel held a strike against the economic policy of the authorities. In China, in Sichuan province there were powerful earthquake; more than 150 people were killed.

Comments on the week's events by members of the International Expert Group of the PIR Center

Sehlare Makgetlaneng (South Africa), Head of the Governance and Democracy research program at the Africa Institute of South Africa – by e-mail from Pretoria: The African continent has always been viewed by Western powers as the object of their strategic interests. Africa is regarded by France as its base supporting its leadership and status globally.

Most African regimes retain their legitimacy, based on the recognition and support of the official Paris. Maintaining and expanding France’s special strategic interests in its former colonies in Africa the programme of action constitute a core of its policy towards the continent. This socio-political and economic reality is underlined by Valery Giscard d’Estaing, former president of France, in his statement, “I am dealing with African affairs, namely with France’s interests in Africa.” These strategic interests are a reflection of the geopolitical and security importance that France attaches its links with Africa particularly its former colonies. France’s deployment of its military forces in Mali is the process which is bound to legitimize increased external military intervention in Africa. It has served as an opportunity for other Western countries to intervene in the internal affairs of African countries. France in deploying its military forces to Mali served the interests of its Western strategic allies in their Africa policy. 

Dayan Jayatilleka (Sri Lanka), Ambassador, Permanent Representative to the UN in Geneva, Senior Lecturer in Politics at the University of Colombo – by e-mail from Colombo: Iran continues to insist on its right to develop peaceful nuclear energy and denies intention to develop nuclear weapons. The Astana talks, taken together with the outcome of the Israeli elections, have bought time and space for the negotiated solution to the problem and pushed the danger of war back to some extent. It can also strengthen the more pragmatic tendencies within Iranian policymaking. However, it is disappointing that ruling elements in the USA, under renewed pressure from Israel, still do not seem to have ruled out the option of war, with all the dangerous consequences it would have for the region and the world. This is evidenced by the massive US military buildup around Iran.

Before the second session of the Preparatory Committee for the NPT Review Conference 2015 the debate over the feasibility of the Conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of weapons of mass destruction renewed. Public opinion in the Arab world, especially now that there have been democratic openings, will not make it possible for governments to ignore the hypocrisy of permitting Israel to have a not-so secret stockpile of nuclear weapons, while the West urges non-proliferation on all others. If the Conference takes place it would be a positive step, which would show that there is fair-play and openness to all views and constructive suggestions in the NPT review process, instead of the one-sidedness that has so far been displayed.

For all the questions concerning the International Security Index please contact Galiya Ibragimova by e-mail ibragimova at pircenter.org.

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