Experts

  • Position : Deputy Minister
  • Affiliation : The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Associate professor , Head of Center for Applied Political-Military Research
  • Affiliation : School of World politics, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University
complete list

Related articles

What could be the starting points for re-launching conventional arms control (CAC) in Central Europe? Evgeny Buzhinskiy, Chairman of the PIR Center’s Executive Board and Chairman of the Trialogue Club International, former head of the International Treaty Directorate at the Russian Ministry of Defen...

On April 26-27 an event took place in Moscow that brought together the leading military specialists and practitioners in the field of international security from 86 countries - the Russian MoD’s VI Moscow Conference on International Security (MCIS). While last year’s conference was attended by more ...

Russia fully suspended its participation in the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

11.03.2015

MOSCOW, MARCH 11, 2015.  PIR PRESS.  “It is clear that the CFE Treaty in its original form has lost its relevance, and Russia does not intend to return to it.  We either need a new agreement or a refusal of legally binding arms control instruments in favor of the development of confidence-building measures in the security field, as well as the enhancement of bilateral and multilateral military cooperation.” – Lieutenant General (Ret.) Evgeny Buzhinskiy, PIR Center Executive Board Chairman.

The Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) was signed on November 19, 1990.  In connection with the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact Organization (WPO) and the collapse of the USSR, there was a need to clarify the provisions of the contract, but NATO countries have not so far ratified the Agreement on Adaptation of the CFE, signed in Istanbul in 1999.  As a result, Russia suspended its participation in the CFE treaty in 2007.

On March10, 2015, at a regular meeting of the Joint Consultative Group of the CFE, Anton Mazur, the head of the Russian delegation, issued a statement declaring the suspension of Russia’s participation in the group’s meetings starting from March 11, 2015.  The previously announced suspension of the CFE Treaty was now final. 

PIR Center Executive Board Chairman Lt. Gen. (Ret.) Evgeny Buzhinskiy gave a detailed commentary on the prospects of conventional arms control in Europe.  The expert explained the significance of the statement: “Now the only thing remaining is a formal withdrawal from the CFE Treaty, in accordance with the procedures prescribed by the Treaty. At the same time, this does not constitute a refusal of further dialogue on conventional arms control in Europe.”

“It is clear that the CFE Treaty in its original form has lost its relevance, and Russia does not intend to return to it.  The Agreement on Adaptation of the CFE Treaty has not been ratified by NATO countries, and has also lost its relevance and can hardly serve as a basis for continued dialogue in the field of arms control.  We either need a new agreement or a refusal of legally binding arms control instruments in favor of the development of a system of confidence-building measures in the security field, as well as the enhancement of bilateral and multilateral military cooperation,” writes Evgeny Buzhinskiy.

However, “a new agreement,” adds the author, “in the current environment is problematic, as the Russian approach requires a radical revision of the existing system of constraints, and its extension to include new categories of weapons, such as unmanned aerial vehicles and carrier-based aircrafts.  It is unlikely that NATO countries are ready to move in that direction.          

In current conditions, Evgeny Buzhinskiy finds that it would be more realistic to develop confidence-building measures and increased transparency of military activities, including along border areas.

The full text of Evgeny Buzhinsky’s comment, “Moscow Takes Another Step Away from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe of 1990” is available in the PIR Center blog.

PIR Center is closely monitoring developments concerning conventional arms control in Europe. On December 11, 2007 Lieutenant General (Ret.) Gennady Evstafiev, PIR Center Senior Counsellor, was among the first experts to comment the suspension of Russia’s participation in the CFE Treaty. The text of the commentary is available at our website. Later Gen. Evstafiev summarized and developed his views in the article “Disarmament Returns” (Security Index journal, No. 2 (82), 2007)

A series of PIR Center study papers contain the work of Russian Deputy Defense Minister Anatoly Antonov and independent expert Rodion AyumovConventional Arms Control in Europe – End of a Regime or to be Continued?” (2012).

The analysis of Russian approaches was presented by Evgeny Buzhinskiy in March 2014 at the meeting of the Centre Russe d’Etudes Politiques and the international “Trialogue” club, titled, “Conventional Arms Control in Europe: a New Agenda – the Russian Approach

The positions of individual countries were discussed in the PIR Center expert Oleg Shakirov article, titled “Conventional Arms Control in Europe: Where Are We Going?”  (in Russian, Security Index journal, No. 3 (106), 2013)

For detailed information on the PIR Center activities, please call +7 (495) 987 1915 and fax: +7 (495) 987 1914.

Comments

 
 
loading