The USSR launches the Earth’s first artificial satellite (Sputnik).



PIR Center continues a section "PIR Test". This project in the form of a game carries equally educational, research and analytical meaning. Users are given the opportunity to take the test - to answer one of the designated questions. Our today's PIR Test is about the Conference on the Establishment of a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction.


65 years ago, on October 4, 1957, the first artificial satellite, Sputnik-1, was launched into Earth's orbit under the code name PS-1. This event has a great influence. The launch of the first satellite marked the beginning of space exploration.


The authoritative publishing house Palgrave Macmillan (part of the Springer publishing group) releases the 2nd edition of the monograph Russian–American Nuclear Nonproliferation Dialogue: Lessons Learned and Road Ahead. The book was prepared by a team of 13 young and experienced researchers, edited by PIR Center Founder and Director Vladimir Orlov and PIR Center Research Fellow Sergey Semenov. It is also supplied with prefaces from William Potter, director of the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS), and Anatoly Torkunov, Rector of MGIMO of the Russian Foreign Ministry.


PIR Center congratulates its director and founder Dr Vladimir A. Orlov on his birthday. Vladimir Orlov founded PIR Center in 1994, turning it over the years into a leading Russian and international independent research institute in the field of nuclear nonproliferation, disarmament and international security.

Topics for MA theses

Tentative MA theses topics 

 for the MGIMO-PIR-MIIS Dual Degree Program on

Nonproliferation Studies

1. U.S.-Russia Collaboration on the NPT Extension in 1995: Lessons Learned and Policy Recommendations for the NPT Review Process.

2. US-Soviet/Russian Cooperation on Proliferation Prevention: A Case Study and Lessons Learned [Options: a) Iraq; b) Libya; c) DPRK; d) Syria.]

3. Ensuring a Sustainable and Long-term Solution to Risks Related with Further Development of the Iranian Nuclear Program.

4. Effectiveness of Sanctions as a Tool of Nonproliferation Policy: Historical Cases and Lessons Learned.

5. Multilateral Diplomacy for Addressing Proliferation Concerns: Challenges and Solutions.

6. Addressing the Risk of Missile Technology Proliferation Through Transparency Measures and Multilateral Arms Control. The Potential of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).

7. Prospects for International Cooperation on Addressing Cyber Threats to Civil Nuclear Facilities.

8. Prospects for Dialogue on Nuclear Nonproliferation, Arms Control and Strategic Stability between Russia/the United States and China.

9. Prospects for Dialogue on Nuclear Nonproliferation, Arms Control and Strategic Stability between Russia, the United States, and China.

10. The Future of the P5 as a Collective Framework for Addressing Nuclear Threats

11. Updating the Concept of Strategic Stability and Identifying Key Parameters of Future Arms Control.

12. Criteria of Success for the NPT Review Process: Lessons Learned from the 2010 and 2015 NPT RevCons and Looking into the 2020 RevCon.

13. Improving the Mechanisms and Increasing the Efficiency of the NPT Review Process: Ideas for the 2025 NPT Review Cycle.

14. Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy and Nuclear Risks in [options, choose one: a) Brazil; b) Japan; c) South Korea; d) Egypt; e) Indonesia]: a Case Study.

15. Platform for a Constructive Dialogue Between Nuclear-Weapon States and Non-Nuclear-Weapon States on Article 6 of the NPT? 

16. Assessing Nuclear Security Threats in [a) Central Asia; b) South Asia; c) the Middle East; d) ASEAN Region].

17. Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula: the Role of Bilateral US-DPRK Dialogue and Involvement of Regional Stakeholders.

18. Negative Security Assurances as a Contribution to Nuclear Nonproliferation: Case-Studies and Lessons for the Future.

19. Impact of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons on the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime.

20. Outer Space Regulation: Prospects for Peaceful Exploration and Prevention of Arms Race.

21. IAEA Safeguards: Current Challenges and Potential Ways of Transformation

22. Addressing Proliferation Risks Related to Nuclear Fuel Cycle.

23. Peaceful Nuclear Energy Development in the [options, choose one: a) Middle East; b) South-East Asia; c) Europe; d) Latin America; e) Africa].

24. Developing an International Dialogue on Nuclear Security.

25. Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism: Current Challenges, New Technologies, and New Solutions.

26. Ways to Unblock Multilateral Disarmament Processes and Improve its Machinery.