PIR Center continues a new section "PIR Test". This project in the form of a game carries equally educational, research and analytical meaning. Users are given the opportunity to take the test - to answer one of the designated questions. Our today's PIR Test is dedicated to the international document that is considered to be the very first to become the forerunner of the modern arms control system.


PIR Center is taking part in the 10th NPT Review Conference on August 1-26, 2022, where for almost a month at the UN headquarters in New York, delegations from 191 signatory countries of the NPT will discuss the implementation of this important agreement in the field of international security.


This research paper attempts to place nuclear disarmament and arms control in the context of the sustainable development agenda. In particular, the paper examines the possibility of applying the experience and specific mechanisms of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to create new incentives for nuclear arms control and disarmament. Considering the devastating environmental consequences of nuclear weapons use, the nuclear-weapon states should take responsibility for possessing nuclear weapons just as they took responsibility for carbon emissions.


The 2022 Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, inherited from covid 2020 and repeatedly postponed due to the raging pandemic, opens in New York on August 1. Four weeks of work of the NPT member States delegations – what will it be: a breakthrough to a more reliable cementing of the Treaty? Beating around the bush and straining to demonstrate its own indispensability? Or a harsh disputes that will call into question both the value and the effectiveness of this document?

Our Champions


I place

Sivitski Arseni

Center for Strategic and Foreign Policy studies, Minsk, Republic of Belarus






II place

Neelov Vladimir

Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia





III place

Makili-Aliev Kamal

Center for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Baku, Azerbaijan







PIR Center Laureates 2014

For Strengthening the Nonproliferation Regime

Ryabkov, Sergey A.

Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. In 1982, graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Served at several positions both at the central office of the Russian Foreign Ministry and abroad. In 1995-1999, was the Head of the OSCE Unit of the Department of European Cooperation. In 1999 – 2001 – Senior Counsellor (political) of the Russian Embassy to the U.S. In 2002-2005, served as the Minister Counsellor (Deputy Chief of Mission) of the Russian Embassy to the U.S. In 2005-2008 – the Director of the Department of European Cooperation. Since 2008 - Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. Security Index Journal Editorial Board member.


Rauf, Tariq

Director, Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme, SIPRI

In 2012-2014 - Principal at Global Nuclear Solutions, Inc. Until 2012 - Head of verification and security policy coordination at the IAEA. Scientific Secretary, IAEA Director General's Expert Group on Multilateral Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (2004/2005). Director of the International Organizations and Nonproliferation Program, at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, from September 1995 until February 2002. Advisor and Non-Proliferation Expert with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Canada), and to the House Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Parliament of Canada), 1990-2002. Senior Associate at the former Canadian Center for Global Security (the Canadian Center for Arms Control and Disarmament) in Ottawa, 1986-1995. Expert Advisor to the Canberra Commission on the Elimination of Weapons of Mass Destruction, 1995. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2013.


Arbatov, Alexei G.

Head, Center for International Security, Institute of World Economy and International Relations at the Russian Academy of Sciences

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Historical Sciences. Head of the Center for International Security at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO). Member of the research council at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russian Federation. Head of the research council department on strategic planning at Security Council of Russian Federation. Member of the Carnegie Moscow Center's research council. Author of many monographs, coauthor of over 30 joint publications, numerous analytical papers, articles and booklets on international security, disarmament, and military policy published in Russia and abroad. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004.


For Professional Coverage of the Issues of Nonproliferation, Regional and Global Security


Chernenko, Elena V.

Special Correspondent, Kommersant Daily

Elena graduated from Moscow State University in 2005 and later went on to get her Ph.D. in History. Elena is an alumna of PIR Center’s 2012 Summer School. From 2003-2006, she worked as a correspondent for the Germany desk and as a radio broadcast host for the Russian government’s radio broadcasting service Voice of Russia. She has also been a correspondent for the newspaper Moskauer Deutsche Zeitung, the wire service EurActiv, and the magazine Russian Newsweek. Elena’s professional interests include information security, WMD nonproliferation, arms control and disarmament, and nuclear energy development. She speaks Russian, English, German, and French. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009. Member of the PIR Center EKS Working Group on International Information Security and Global Internet Governance since 2012.


Warrick, Joby

Reporter, The Washington Post

American journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner (1996), an alumnus of Temple University. He began working for The Washington Post in 1996, writing about the Middle East, diplomacy and national security. He has also covered the intelligence community, weapons of mass destruction (WMD) proliferation and the environment, and served as a member of the Post’s investigative unit. The Overseas Press Club of America gave him their 2003 award for best newspaper interpretation of international affairs for his articles about proliferation threats.


For Educating the New Generation in the Area of Nonproliferation


Geneva Center for Security Policy

The Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP) is an international foundation established in 1995 with over 40 member states for the primary purpose of promoting the building and maintenance of peace, security and stability through training, research and dialogue.



For Continuing Support to Nonproliferation Research, Education and Publishing

Govorukhin, Valery N.

First Deputy General Director for Strategy and Communications, TENEX

Born in Tomsk in 1950. Graduated from Moscow Ordzhonikidze Aviation Institute, qualified as a mechanical engineer. In 1980-2001 – on the diplomatic service, working in France and Sweden. From 1995 to 2001 – member of the Russian governmental delegations to the international negotiations on nuclear and missile arms control and disarmament. In 2002 – 2004 State Secretary, Deputy Minister, Russian Federation Ministry of Atomic Energy. From 2004 – has been working with TENEX.


The New Talents in Nonproliferation


Ustinov, Roman А.

Second Secretary, Permanent Mission of The Russian Federation to the International Organizations in Vienna.

Born in 1985. Holds a B.A. in International Relations form MGIMO University and M.A. in International Politics from MGIMO University and Sciences Po. Participant of PIR Center Summer School on Global Security, 2007. PIR Center Intern in 2007, focusing on development of the nuclear energy sector in the Middle East and the Persian Gulf.




Gontsov , Kirill V., Assoc. Prof. at the Department of Political Sciences at the Ural State Pedagogical University.





 Lilly, Bilyana

Oxford Analytica, expert







Sveshnikova, Yulia V.

National Research University "Higher School of Economics", Junior Researcher







 Shakirov, Oleg I.

PhD Student at the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.










The New Talent in Nonproliferation


1perf.jpgNikita V. Perfilyev - Fulbright Fellow at Monterey Institute of International Studies (California) and research associate at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies. He graduated from Tomsk State University with a major in International Relations. In 2004-2005 he studied at Elon University (North Carolina). During Fall 2006 interned at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (Washington, DC). At PIR Center he produced the weekly electronic bulletin "Yaderny Kontrol" and coordinated “Strategic Risks and Challenges in Central Asia” project . In 2007-2008 - Assistant Editor of the Security Index journal.


 For Educating the New Generation in the Area of Nonproliferation


2ahtam.jpgIldar A. Akhtamzyan - Associate professor, International Relations and Foreign Policy department of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) of the RF Foreign Ministry. Author of the first national course on nonproliferation (MGIMO). Author of over 30 publications in Russia and abroad on the history of international relations, arms control and nonproliferation, including two books of collected documents related to these problems.


For Developing the Cooperation in Peaceful Nuclear Energy Uses

3spass.jpgNikolay N. Spassky - Deputy Director General of the Rosatom State Corporation. Born in 1961. After graduation from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations in 1983 Nikolay Spassky worked in various diplomatic positions within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, including Deputy and First Deputy Director, 1992-1994; Director of the North America Department from February 1994; Member of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Board from December 1995; Joint Russian Ambassador to Italy and San Marino, 1998-2004; Assistant Secretary to the Russian Security Council, 2004-2006. Nikolay Spassky holds the diplomatic rank of Plenipotentiary Ambassador, First Class and is a Doctor of both Political and Historical Sciences. He is also the co-founder of the Centre russe d'études politiques.


 For Promoting the Ideas of Nuclear-Weapon-Free World

4sirin.jpgJoseph Cirincione - President for Ploughshares Funds in Washington (USA). Formerly, Senior Associate and Director for Non-Proliferation at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Washington, DC). He teaches at the Georgetown University Graduate School of Foreign Service and is one of America's best-known weapons experts. Author of numerous publications on non-proliferation and nuclear weapons issues including Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threats, (Second Edition, 2005). Since 2008 Joseph Cirincione is the President of the Ploughshares Fund that supports initiatives to prevent the spread and use of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and other weapons of war, and to prevent conflicts that could lead to the use of weapons of mass destruction.


 For Promoting the Ideas of Nuclear-Weapon-Free World


Nursultan Nazarbayev - the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. As the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev has made an impressive contribution to the development of the contemporary system of international security. The most significant achievement of this activity is the denuclearization of Kazakhstan.  


 For Strengthening the Nonproliferation Regime


Gennady Evstafiev - PIR Center's Senior Vice President, general-lieutenant (ret.). He has worked in governmental agencies for over 40 years, including Soviet embassies in Pakistan and other countries. In 1981-1985 he was special assistant to the UN Secretary General. In 1986-1991 he was a meber of the Soviet delegation during the CFE treaty negotiations in Vienna. In 1999-2000 was a member of United Nations Disarmament Commission. His most recent position was the Russian representative office in the NATO headquarters in Brussels. He was in charge of WMD nonproliferation and arms control issues. Participated in negotiations on disarmament and human rights agreements.




Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei - Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency. He began serving as Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency on December 1, 1997. He was re-elected for two more four-year terms in 2001 and 2005. His third and last term will conclude in November 2009. Dr. ElBaradei and the IAEA itself were announced as joint recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize for their "efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy ,for peaceful purposes, is used in the safest possible way".


For Strengthening the Nonproliferation Regime


2_tim_1.jpg Timerbaev, Roland M. - Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Doctor of History, Professor. Distinguished expert in the sphere of nonproliferation and arms control, world-renowned as one of the authors of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, the cornerstone of the nonproliferation regime.



Gottemoeller, Rose - She is a senior associate in the Carnegie Russia & Eurasia Program in Washington, D.C. Early was deputy undersecretary for defense nuclear nonproliferation in the U.S. Department of Energy.





bliks.jpgBlix Hans - from 2000 to 2003 served as Head of the UN Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC); in 1987-1997 – as the Director General of IAEA; in 1978-1979 – as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sweden.

For Contribution to the Nonproliferation in Russia


Rumyantsev, Alexander - Academician, Russian Academy of Sciences Professor Laureate of the USSR State Prize.


Potter, William Founder and Director of the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies of the Monterey Institute of International Studies.

For Contribution to the WMD Nonproliferation



Maslin, Evgeny - Colonel General (Ret.), from 1992-1997 - head of the Russian Ministry of Defense 12th Main Directorate, which is responsible for the security of nuclear munitions.






Nunn Sam - Co-Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Nuclear Threat Initiative. He served as a U.S. Senator from Georgia from 1972 to 1996.

For a Long-term Support of Nonproliferation Ideas


The John D. and Katherine T. MacArthur Foundation 

Bechtel National Corporation

For the Promotion of Nonproliferation Ideas through the Media


Hoffman David - Contributing Editor at the Washington Post and has been a journalist for more than 30 years.

The New Talent in Nonproliferation


3_abaeva.jpgAbayeva, Anna - A student of the International Relations Department, the Lobachevsky State University in the city of Nizhny Novgorod