The USSR launches the Earth’s first artificial satellite (Sputnik).



PIR Center continues a section "PIR Test". This project in the form of a game carries equally educational, research and analytical meaning. Users are given the opportunity to take the test - to answer one of the designated questions. Our today's PIR Test is about the Conference on the Establishment of a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction.


65 years ago, on October 4, 1957, the first artificial satellite, Sputnik-1, was launched into Earth's orbit under the code name PS-1. This event has a great influence. The launch of the first satellite marked the beginning of space exploration.


The authoritative publishing house Palgrave Macmillan (part of the Springer publishing group) releases the 2nd edition of the monograph Russian–American Nuclear Nonproliferation Dialogue: Lessons Learned and Road Ahead. The book was prepared by a team of 13 young and experienced researchers, edited by PIR Center Founder and Director Vladimir Orlov and PIR Center Research Fellow Sergey Semenov. It is also supplied with prefaces from William Potter, director of the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS), and Anatoly Torkunov, Rector of MGIMO of the Russian Foreign Ministry.


PIR Center congratulates its director and founder Dr Vladimir A. Orlov on his birthday. Vladimir Orlov founded PIR Center in 1994, turning it over the years into a leading Russian and international independent research institute in the field of nuclear nonproliferation, disarmament and international security.

 Instructors in Moscow




Akhtamzyan, Ildar A.

PhD. in Historical Sciences. Graduated from Moscow State Institute of International Relations in 1979 and since that time has been working for that Institute as a graduate studentlecturer, senior lecturerassociate professor of the History of international relations and foreign policyDepartment. Author of the first national course on nonproliferation (MGIMO). Participated as a lecturer in the Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute. Author of more than 60 publications in Russia and abroad on the history of international relations, arms control and nonproliferation, including two books of collected documents related to these problems. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2002.



Instructors_BuzhinskiyBuzhinskiy, Evgeny P.

Lieutenant-General (Retired), Ph.D. Military Sciences. In the Armed Services since 1968. Graduated from the Military Institute, M.V. Frunze Military academy. 1976-1992 – served in different positions as officer of the General Staff. From 1992 to 2009 – served in positions of: Senior Officer, Deputy Head of Direction, Head of Direction, Deputy Head of Department, Head of Department of the International Treaty Directorate of the Main Department of International Military Cooperation of the Russian Ministry of Defense. In 2002 he was appointed on the position of Head of the International Treaty Directorate – Deputy Head of the Main Department of International Military Cooperation of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense. In 2009-2015 - PIR Center Consultant, then Senior vice-president. PIR Center's Chairman of the Executive Board since 2014. Lecturer of International School on Global Security since 2010, lecturer of PIR Center and MGIMO University Joint Module “WMD Nonproliferation and International Security” since 2013. Deputy CEO of "Vega Radio Engineering Corporation" since 2009. Member of Russian International Affairs Council. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group and PIR Center International Expert Group.



Chernenko Elena V.

Elena graduated from Moscow State University in 2005 and later went on to get her Ph.D. in History. Elena is an alumna of PIR Center’s 2012 Summer School. From 2003-2006, she worked as a correspondent for the Germany desk and as a radio broadcast host for the Russian government’s radio broadcasting service Voice of Russia. She has also been a correspondent for the newspaper Moskauer Deutsche Zeitung, the wire service EurActiv, and the magazine Russian Newsweek. Elena’s professional interests include information security, WMD nonproliferation, arms control and disarmament, and nuclear energy development. She speaks Russian, English, German, and French. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009. Member of the PIR Center EKS Working Group on International Information Security and Global Internet Governance since 2012. 

Instructors_DemidovDemidov Oleg V.

Oleg Demidov graduated from the School of Public Administration at Moscow State University of Lomonosov in 2010. Currently, Oleg has been working on his Ph.D thesis at Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University). In 2011-2012, he held the position of Project Coordinator at Center for Political and International Studies (CPIS) under the International Federation for Peace and Conciliation. Since 2012, he has served as an expert to the Commission on Information Security and Cybercrime at the Russian Association for Electronic Communications (RAEC). In 2013-2014, he held the position of Director of the Program International Information Security and Global Internet Governance at PIR Center. 

Since 2011 Oleg has been participating in the international project “A Twenty-First Century Concert of Powers” conducted by Frankfurt Peace Research Institute (PRIF) (through 2014). He is the author of a number of research articles on information security, cybersecurity, and global internet governance in PIR Center’s Security Index journal and other editions. Oleg serves as the Secretary of the Working Group on International Information Security and Global Internet Governance under PIR Center Advisory Board. In March 2014 Oleg became a member of the Research Advisory Network (RAN) under the Global Commission on Internet Governance (CGIG). PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2015.


Kochkurova, Asya

Specialist in the area of Nonproliferation, Disarmament and Arms Control, with 16 years of experience. From 2010 to 2017 - Inspector/Deputy head of the Capacity Building and Contingency Planning Cell at the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. From 2004 to 2009 WMD Non-Proliferation Analyst at the Main Directorate of International Military Cooperation, Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.




Lysenko, Mikhail N.

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. Previously, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to the New Zealand. In 1977 he graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO). Since 1977 he has worked in the USSR/RF Foreign Ministry.1992 – 1996 – Deputy Director, Department of the North America, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia. 1996 – 2000 - Minister Counsellor, Embassy of Russia in Canada. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004.


Malov, Andrey Yu.

PhD in History. Graduated from Maurice Thorez Moscow State Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages. Worked at the Committee of the Soviet Youth Organizations. In 1991-1994 was a researcher and lecturer at the Institute for Economic Strategies, Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1992 was a visiting scholar in Western International University (Phoenix, Arizona). Serves at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 1994. Participated in the OSCE activities in Nagorny Karabakh (1994-1996) and Bosnia and Herzegowina (1996-1998). Works on arms control, nonproliferation and disarmament issues at the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 1998. Participated in the negotiations on multilateral disarmament.



Nikitin, Alexander I.

Doctor of Political Science, Prof. Full professor of the Political Science department of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), professor of the RF Academy of Military Sciences. Previously, research officer of the Institute for the U.S. and Canadian Studies of RAS, member of the USSR mission to the UN. Research interests: international security, nuclear disarmament policy, resolution of regional conflicts. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 1994.



Orlov, Vladimir A.

Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov is expert in international security and Russia’s foreign policy. His research areas include major threats and challenges to international security, primarily, nuclear nonproliferation.

Dr. Orlov founded PIR Center, a private think-tank dealing with global security and foreign policy, in 1994 and was the institute’s Director (President) until April 2015 when he decided to step down as PIR Center’s CEO while remaining on Center’s Executive Board and concentrating on specific nuclear nonproliferation and other projects as Center’s Special Advisor.

Since 2014, Dr. Orlov is the Head of the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations at the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.

Dr. Orlov is a member of the UN Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters (since 2015).

Dr. Orlov is a member of the Trialogue Club International, which he founded in 1993. He is the founder (in 2006) of the Centre russe d'etudes politiques, a Geneva-based research and consultancy association.

Dr. Orlov is a member (since 2014) of the Advisory Board of the Government of the Russian Federation. He is a member (since 2014) of the Advisory Board on the Corruption Prevention under the Anti-Corruption Directorate at the President’s Office of the Russian Federation.

He is a member of the Russian National Committee for BRICS Studies Research Council; Advisor to the Russian delegation at the NPT Review Conferences (2010; 2015) and at the sessions of the NPT Preparatory Committee (2012-2014); a member of the Russian Council of Foreign and Defense Policy (SVOP); a member of International Nuclear Energy Academy (INEA); a member of the Russian Pugwash Committee under the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS); a member of the Washington Quarterly Editorial Board.

In 1994, Dr. Orlov founded Security Index journal (until 2007 published under the title Yaderny Kontrol). He was its editor-in-chief until 2015, and currently is a member of journal’s Editorial Board.

Dr. Orlov is constantly engaged in teaching and educational activities, giving lectures and expert comments on Russian foreign policy and on nuclear nonproliferation within Russia and abroad. His initiative culminated in establishment (in 2016) of the International Dual Degree MA Program in Nonproliferation and Global Security Studies – a joint project by the Moscow State Institute of International Affairs (MGIMO) of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and PIR Center. He serves as academic consultant to the program and teaches Russian foreign and security policy as well as nuclear nonproliferation at MGIMO. He also gives lectures in Geneva, Bishkek, and Monterey. Vladimir Orlov is executive editor and co-author of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Textbook in two volumes.

He is the author (or coauthor) of more than a dozen books and monographs and nearly three hundred research papers, essays, and columns. Articles by Dr. Orlov have been published in Security Indexjournal, International Affairs (Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn) journal, Russia in Global Affairs magazine, the Washington Quarterly journal, and Seguridad Internacional journal, among others. His columns and comments regularly appear at the Kommersant daily newspaper. Dr. Orlov is on Twitter (Orlov_pircenter) and Facebook (VladimirAOrloff), and his blog is on PIR Center’s website (



Pavlov Alexander V.

Mr. Pavlov has been working in the area of peaceful uses of atomic energy for more than 30 years. Until 2004 he was heading the Moscowrepresentation of the consulting company NAC International. Before that he served in the Russia's Atomic Energy Ministry. He participated in the organization of such international nuclear projects as the 1993 US-Russian HEU-LEU project, International Science and Technology Center, building of uranium enrichment plant in China. Mr. Pavlov is a member of the strategic consulting group of the World Nuclear Association. His academic interests are: isotope separation technologies, world nuclear materials markets, international nuclear non-proliferation regime.



Topychkanov Petr V.

Associate at the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Nonproliferation Program. He holds the position of senior researcher at the Center for International Security at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Petr earned his doctorate in history from the Institute of Asian and African Studies at Moscow State University in 2009. In 2007–2008, he was awarded the Presidential Scholarship and in 2010–2011 he was a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow. He has taught courses on modern history and the religion and society of South Asian countries and is the author of a number of scientific papers.

 Instructors_TrubnikovTrubnikov, Vyacheslav I.

General of the Army, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Hero of the Russian Federation. In 1967 graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations with the Diploma of referent for Eastern countries. Since 1973 Member of the Russian Union of Journalists. Director of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service in 1996-2000. First Deputy of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in CIS countries in 2000-2004. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to India in 2004-2009. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2010 and Member of the Trialogue Club International since 2012.



Ubeev, Aleksey V.

PhD in Technics (1978). Graduated from D.Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia and Diplomatic Academy of MFA. Deputy Director on R&D of East-Siberian University of Technology. Since 1994 worked at Russian MFA, Head of Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Nuclear Safety and Security Division (2003-2006); Deputy Director of Department of International cooperation of “Rosatom” State Corporation. IAEA Senior Nuclear Security Officer in 2011-2015. Member of the Russian governmental delegations at the NPT Review Conferences, ITER, CTBT, G”8” and NSG meetings. In 1986 participated at the liquidation of the consequences of Chernobyl NPP’s accident.



Vorontsov Alexander V.

Holds a PhD in History. He is a senior staff member at the International Center for Korean Studies at Moscow State University and a visiting professor at Osaka University of Economics and Law. From 2000 to 2002, Vorontsov worked at the Russian Embassy in Pyongyang (DPRK). His current research includes contemporary Korean history, Korea in international relations. Vorontsov has participated in a number of international conferences on Korea-related topics and is the author of over 150 publications. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2013.


 Instructors_ZulkharneevZulkharneev, Albert F.

Albert Zulkharneev graduated from the Faculty of World Politics and World Economy of the National Research University - Higher School of Economics. Graduated with the Master degree from the International Relations Department of the Ural State University and got Master degree in History from Central European University (2007, Budapest, Hungary). In 2003-2005 participated in international courses of Farsi language and literature. Since 2007 was intern in the  PIR Center. In August -December 2011 scholar of the Program for teaching and research at the OSCE Academy in Bishkek. PIR Center Education and Training Program Director, PIR Center Executive Director in 2013-2015. PIR Center Director since April, 2015.