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13.07.2020

“In June, the US National Security Council was due to consider a draft decision on the revision of some elements of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). In particular, Washington wants to remove heavy attack and reconnaissance drones from the MTCR control list, which will allow American companies to supply them to “unstable” countries as well. The military-industrial complex is lobbying removal of some restrictions from the USA the most actively, and although no final decision on this issue has been reported, the consequences of such a step can be significant: the entire regime of international export control may be jeopardized” - this is the leitmotiv of the 524th issue of Yaderny Kontrol.

10.07.2020

The article analyzes NATO nuclear sharing arrangements and examines the history of the concept of nuclear sharing, based on archival documents, and its practical implementation at the present stage. The authors pay special attention to the positions of the countries in whose territory American tactical nuclear weapons are stored, as well as to the speeches of countries against nuclear sharing at the PrepComs of the Review Conference. In conclusion, recommendations for Russia in working on this issue are voiced.

09.07.2020

“Training in the morning frees rest of the day - this is our general rule,” – Irina Mironova, senior specialist at Gazprom, senior lecturer of international programs at European University at St. Petersburg, and Dmitry Kovchegin, independent consultant.

Crimean crisis and the nuclear weapons

On December 5, 1994 Ukraine, the USA, Russia and the United Kingdom signed a Memorandum on Security Assurances in connection with the accession of Ukraine to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Budapest Memorandum). According to the memorandum Ukraine acquired a nuclear-free status in exchange for a series of guarantees for the sovereignty and security.

The status and relevance of the Budapest Memorandum acquired special significance in late February - early March 2014, in connection with the situation in Crimea, which has not recognized the new government in Kiev and has announced plans to join Russia.

 

Materials:

The US-Russia-Ukraine Trilateral Statement (Moscow, January 14, 1994)

"Presidents Clinton and Yeltsin informed President Kravchuk that the United States and Russia are prepared to provide security assurances to Ukraine.  In particular, once the START I Treaty enters into force and Ukraine becomes a non-nuclear-weapon  state party to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty  (NPT)"

Full text of the Statement

 

Memorandum on Security Assurances in connection with Ukraine’s accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Budapest, 5 December 1994)

"The United States of America, the Russian Federation, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, reaffirm their obligation to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of Ukraine, and that none of their weapons will ever be used against Ukraine except in self-defense or otherwise in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations."

Full text of the Memorandum


Excerpts from Russian President Vladimir Putin’s press-conference with Russian journalists on the situation in Ukraine (Moscow, March 4, 2014)

"And if it is a revolution, what does it mean? Then I cannot but agree with some of our experts, who believe that a new state was created in this territory. Just as it was after the collapse of the Russian Empire, after 1917, we saw a new state emerge. And with that state and in respect to the state, we have not signed any binding documents."

Full text


Leading experts discuss the Ukrainian Issue at the Trialogue meeting

"Events of the night from February 21 to 22 changed not only the Russian foreign policy but, to my mind, relations between Russia and the West and deeply influenced international relations. Russia stopped its geopolitical retreat and shifted from passivity, not only in Ukrainian issue, but in its foreign policy generally, to active approach"

Full text of the news article

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