Chronology

The U.S. signs the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management. The conventions are pending ratification.
29.09.1997
An explosion at a radioactive waste storage facility in Kyshtym (Chelyabinsk Region) results in vast land contamination.
29.09.1957
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PIR PRESS NEWS

27.09.2022

Today, PIR Center celebrates the 95th anniversary of an outstanding Soviet diplomat, scientist, one of the main mentors of the PIR Center for more than 20 years – Amb. Roland Timerbaev. He was one of the world's largest experts in the field of nuclear nonproliferation, a diplomat who made a tremendous contribution to the preparation of the 1968 Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), a key document of the global security system. 


23.09.2022

We continue to publish materials on the X NPT Review Conference under the rubric "Notes from the Field: 10th NPT Review Conference through the Eyes of Russian Public Diplomacy". This time, PIR Center Deputy Director Elena Karnaukhova talked to Ambassador Sergio Duarte, the UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs (2007-2012), the Brazilian representative to several International organizations, focusing on disarmament issues, the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the IAEA (1999-2000). He served the Brazilian Foreign Service for 48 years: the Ambassador of Brazil in a number of countries, including Austria, Croatia, Slovakia and Slovenia concurrently (1999-2002), China (1996-1999), Canada (1993-1996), and Nicaragua (1986-1991), Switzerland (1979-1986), the United States (1970-1974), Argentina (1963-1966), and Rome (1961-1963). Sergio Duarte stood at the origins of the NPT and was familiar with Roland Timerbaev.

22.09.2022

"Once we went on a trip with my friend and our families. Rented a rickety old hut in the village, the electricity worked poorly, but there was a lot of firewood. We heated the stove, collected mushrooms, wandered through the swamps, caught crayfish with children in the icy water. There were a lot of impressions, but, unfortunately, the weather had deteriorated. I decided not to stop the trip, to go to the sea. It was difficult to keep the idea a secret and put the children to bed after intense adventures, I had to tell them.

Then, many years later, the children said the words most dear to my wife and me: "Parents, how happy we are that you are so crazy"," - Dmitry Danilov, Head of European Security Department at Institute of Europe, Russian Academy of Sciences.

19.09.2022

PIR Center continues to publish materials on the X NPT Review Conference under the rubric "Notes from the Field: 10th NPT Review Conference through the Eyes of Russian Public Diplomacy". PIR Center Deputy Director Elena Karnaukhova talked to Ambassador Hamad Al Kaabi, Permanent Representative of the UAE to the IAEA, about the assessments of the X NPT RevCon, politization of review process, China's positions, Ukraine, the WMD-free zone in the Middle East, JCPOA, UAE in nuclear domain and cooperation with Russia.

Nuclear Nonproliferation: History in Faces (Oral History)

Unfortunately, the tradition of writing political memoirs has not taken root in Russia. As a rule, diplomats and those working for other foreign policy agencies do not leave written memories of the events they witnessed after retirement. Much of what they could share is “not put on paper,” which means that sooner or later this information will be lost.

Memories of the older generation of disarmament specialists make a significant contribution to preserving the continuity of the traditions of Russian diplomacy and foreign policy. As Russia's leading think tank in the field of international security, PIR Center strives to make its best contribution not only to overcoming current security challenges for Russia and the world, but also to preserving historically reliable information about past successes and failures. In 2021, we launched our new project "Nuclear Nonproliferation: History in Faces."

The first event within the framework of the new project was the webinar “Putsch. Orlov. Eyewitness. 3 days and 2 nights at the White House. 30 years later” (in Russian), which took place on August 19, 2021. PIR Center’s Founder and Director Vladimir Orlov, who was in Russia’s White House from August 19 to 21, 1991, as a correspondent for Moskovskiye Novosti, shared his memories.

On December 23, 2021, an expert seminar "30 years of Russian nuclear succession" was held, timed to coincide with the anniversary of the events associated with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Prominent Russian and foreign diplomats, as well as leading researchers and analysts, took spoke at the event. The participants include:

Pavel Palazhchenko, Head of the International Department of the Gorbachev Foundation, chief English interpreter for Mikhail Gorbachev and Soviet foreign minister Eduard Shevardnadze in 1985-1991.

Yuri Nazarkin, Professor at the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations, Head of the Russian delegation at the negotiations on the nuclear disarmament of Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan in 1992.

Vladimir Orlov, PIR Center’s Founder and Director.

Togzhan Kassenova, Senior Fellow with the Project on International Security, Commerce, and Economic Statecraft (PISCES) at the Center for Policy Research, SUNY-Albany, Non-Resident Fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, author of the forthcoming book "Atomic Steppe: How Kazakhstan Gave Up the Bomb”.

Mariana Budjeryn, Research Associate at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center, author of the forthcoming book "Inheriting the Bomb: Soviet Collapse and Nuclear Disarmament of Ukraine";

Polina Sinovets - Director of the Odessa Center for Non-Proliferation, editor of the book "Ukraine's Nuclear History."

Our distinguished included were Rose Gottemoeller, Steven C. Házy Lecturer at Stanford University’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, NSC’s director for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia Affairs in 1993-1994, and Alexey Obukhov, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR/Russia in 1989-1992.

Currently, we are working on the new format of oral history, which will include a series of interviews with the older generation of Russian experts in arms control, disarmament and nuclear nonproliferation: veterans of the Russian Foreign Ministry, military diplomats, nuclear scientists. The interviews will be posted on nonproliferation.ru and will be available to everyone both in Russia and abroad.

 

For questions related to the project "Nuclear Nonproliferation: History in Faces", you can contact Artem Kvartalnov, Junior Research Fellow of the Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation Program at 7 (495) 987 1915 or by e-mail [email protected]

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